Sand Fly

Sand Fly

A major pest in coastal areas, sand flies are also called “no-see-ums” because of their small size, and “biting midges” because of their strong resemblance to some species of midges.

  • Common Name: Sand flies, no-see-ums, punkies, biting midges, black gnats
  • Scentific Name: various
  • Class/Order/Family: Insecta/Diptera/Ceratopogonidae
  • Metamorphosis: Complete
  • Size


    Adults usually about 1/32-1/8" long.

  • Color


    Generally dark, wings sometimes with dark areas.

  • Biology


    Eggs are laid in batches varying from 30-40 up to 450.

  • Habit


    Larvae burrow in soil, primarily in arid areas and on coastal and inland beaches.

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